河北快3

GUOJIAFAZHANHEGAIGEWEIYUANHUIGUANYUSHENHUARANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAXINGCHENGJIZHIGAIGEDEZHIDAOYIJIAN FAGAIJIAGEGUI〔2019〕1658HAO

2019-10-27
 




国家发展和改革委员会关于深化燃煤发电上网电价
形成机制改革的指导意见

 

河北快3FAGAIJIAGEGUI〔2019〕1658HAO

 

河北快3GESHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIJIJIHUADANLIESHI、XINJIANGSHENGCHANJIANSHEBINGTUANFAZHANGAIGEWEI(WUJIAJU),HUANENGJITUAN、DATANGJITUAN、HUADIANJITUAN、GUOJIANENGYUANJITUAN、GUOJIADIANTOUJITUAN、GUOTOUDIANLIYOUXIANGONGSI,GUOJIADIANWANGYOUXIANGONGSI、NANFANGDIANWANGGONGSI、NEIMENGGUDIANLI(JITUAN)YOUXIANZERENGONGSI:

  WEIGUANCHELUOSHI《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG GUOWUYUANGUANYUJINYIBUSHENHUADIANLITIZHIGAIGEDERUOGANYIJIAN》、《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG GUOWUYUANGUANYUTUIJINJIAGEJIZHIGAIGEDERUOGANYIJIAN》JINGSHEN,JIAKUAITUIJINDIANLIJIAGESHICHANGHUAGAIGE,YOUXUFANGKAIJINGZHENGXINGHUANJIEDIANLIJIAGE,TISHENGDIANLISHICHANGHUAJIAOYICHENGDU,JINGGUOWUYUANTONGYI,XIANJIUSHENHUARANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAXINGCHENGJIZHIGAIGETICHUYIXIAYIJIAN。

  一、改革必要性

河北快3  2004NIANYILAI,RANMEIFADIANBIAOGANSHANGWANGDIANJIAJIMEIDIANJIAGELIANDONGJIZHIZHUBUJIANLI,BINGCHENGWEISHANGWANGCEDIANJIAXINGCHENGDEZHONGYAOJIZHUN,DUIGUIFANZHENGFUDINGJIAXINGWEI、CUJINBUTONGLEIXINGSHANGWANGDIANJIAHELIXINGCHENG、YOUHUADIANLIXINGYETOUZI、YINDAODIANLIQIYEXIAOLVGAISHAN、TUIDONGDIANLISHANGXIAYOUCHANYEJIANKANGFAZHANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。JINNIANLAI,SUIZHEDIANLISHICHANGHUAGAIGEDEBUDUANSHENHUA,JINGZHENGXINGHUANJIEDIANLIJIAGEJIAKUAIFANGKAI,XIANXINGRANMEIFADIANBIAOGANSHANGWANGDIANJIAJIZHIYINANYISHIYINGXINGSHIFAZHAN,TUCHUBIAOXIANWEIBUNENGYOUXIAOFANYINGDIANLISHICHANGGONGQIUBIANHUA、DIANLIQIYECHENGBENBIANHUA,BULIYUDIANLISHANGXIAYOUCHANYEXIEDIAOKECHIXUFAZHAN,BULIYUSHICHANGZAIDIANLIZIYUANPEIZHIZHONGFAHUIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG。

  DANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANGUANYUDIANLITIZHIGAIGEHEJIAGEJIZHIGAIGEDEXIANGGUANWENJIANMINGQUETICHU,YAOJIANCHI“GUANZHUZHONGJIAN、FANGKAILIANGTOU”,YOUXUFANGKAISHUPEIYIWAIDEJINGZHENGXINGHUANJIEDIANLIJIAGE;2018NIANZHONGYANGJINGJIGONGZUOHUIYIYEMINGQUEYAOQIUTISHENGDIANLISHICHANGHUAJIAOYICHENGDU。DANGQIAN,SHUPEIDIANJIAGAIGEYIJINGSHIXIANQUANFUGAI,“ZHUNXUCHENGBEN+HELISHOUYI”DEDINGJIAJIZHIJIBENJIANLI;GEDIDIANLISHICHANGHUAJIAOYIGUIMOBUDUANKUODA,YUE50%DERANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANLIANGDIANJIAYITONGGUOSHICHANGJIAOYIXINGCHENG,XIANHUOSHICHANGYIKAISHIJIANLI;QUANGUODIANLIGONGXUXIANGDUIKUANSONG、RANMEIJIZUFADIANLIYONGXIAOSHISHUDIYUZHENGCHANGSHUIPING,JINYIBUSHENHUARANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAXINGCHENGJIZHIGAIGEYIJUBEIJIANSHIJICHUHEYOULITIAOJIAN,YINGZHUAZHUJIYUJIAKUAITUIJINJINGZHENGXINGHUANJIEDIANLIJIAGESHICHANGHUAGAIGE。

  二、总体思路和基本原则

  (一)总体思路。坚持市场化方向,按照“管住中间、放开两头”的体制架构,进一步深化燃煤发电上网电价机制改革,加快构建能够有效反映电力供求变化、与市场化交易机制有机衔接的价格形成机制,为全面有序放开竞争性环节电力价格、加快确立市场在电力资源配置中的决定性作用和更好发挥政府作用奠定坚实基础。

  (二)基本原则。

河北快3  JIANCHIZHENGTISHEJI,FENBUTUIJIN。ANZHAOSHICHANGHUAGAIGEYAOQIU,JIYAOQIANGHUADINGCENGSHEJI,FANSHINENGFANGJISHICHANGDEJIANJUEFANGJISHICHANG,ZHENGFUBUJINXINGBUDANGGANYU;YOUYAOFENBUSHISHI,YOUXUKUODAJIAGEXINGCHENGJIZHIDANXING,FANGZHIJIAGEDAFUBODONG,ZHUBUSHIXIANQUANMIANFANGKAIRANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIA,QUEBAOGAIGEPINGWENTUIJIN。

  JIANCHITONGCHOUMOUHUA,YOUXIAOXIANJIE。CHONGFENKAOLVBUTONGLEIXING、BUTONGHUANJIEDIANJIAZHIJIANDEGUANXI,TONGCHOUMOUHUAHAOHEDIAN、SHUIDIAN、RANQIFADIAN、XINNENGYUANSHANGWANGDIANJIAXINGCHENGJIZHI,YIJIBUTONGLEIXINGYONGHUXIAOSHOUDIANJIAXINGCHENGJIZHI,QUEBAOSHENHUARANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAJIZHIGAIGECUOSHIYOUXIAOXIANJIE。

  JIANCHIXIETONGTUIJIN,BAOZHANGGONGYING。CHONGFENRENSHIGAIGEDEFUZAXING,GUANGFANTINGQUYIJIANJIANYI,QIANGHUAPEITAOBAOZHANGCUOSHI,QUEBAOGAIGEYOUXUKAIZHAN。JIAKUAITUIJINDIANLISHICHANGJIANSHE,XIETONGSHENHUADIANLIANG、DIANJIASHICHANGHUAGAIGE,QUEBAODIANLIXITONGANQUANWENDINGYUNXING,BAOZHANGDIANLIGONGYING。

  JIANCHIQIANGHUAJIANGUAN,GUIFANYOUXU。ANZHAOFANGGUANBINGZHONGDEYAOQIU,JIAQIANGDIANLIJIAGEXINGWEIJIANGUAN,JIANLIJIAGEYICHANGBODONGDIAOKONGJIZHI,JIANQUANSHICHANGGUIFAN、JIAOYIYUANZE、DIANLIDIAODU、ZIJINJIESUAN、FENGXIANFANGFAN、XINXIPILUDENGZHIDU,QUEBAORANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAHELIXINGCHENG。

  三、改革举措

  (YI)WEIWENBUSHIXIANQUANMIANFANGKAIRANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAMUBIAO,JIANGXIANXINGRANMEIFADIANBIAOGANSHANGWANGDIANJIAJIZHIGAIWEI“JIZHUNJIA+SHANGXIAFUDONG”DESHICHANGHUAJIAGEJIZHI。JIZHUNJIAANDANGDIXIANXINGRANMEIFADIANBIAOGANSHANGWANGDIANJIAQUEDING,FUDONGFUDUFANWEIWEISHANGFUBUCHAOGUO10%、XIAFUYUANZESHANGBUCHAOGUO15%。DUIDIANLIJIAOYIZHONGXINYIZHAODIANLITIZHIGAIGEFANGANKAIZHANDEXIANHUOJIAOYI,KEBUSHOUCIXIANZHI。GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIGENJUSHICHANGFAZHANSHISHIDUIJIZHUNJIAHEFUDONGFUDUFANWEIJINXINGDIAOZHENG。

河北快3  (ER)XIANZHIXINGBIAOGANSHANGWANGDIANJIADERANMEIFADIANDIANLIANG,JUBEISHICHANGJIAOYITIAOJIANDE,JUTISHANGWANGDIANJIAYOUFADIANQIYE、SHOUDIANGONGSI、DIANLIYONGHUDENGSHICHANGZHUTITONGGUOCHANGWAISHUANGBIANXIESHANGHUOCHANGNEIJIZHONGJINGJIA(HANGUAPAIJIAOYI)DENGSHICHANGHUAFANGSHIZAI“JIZHUNJIA+SHANGXIAFUDONG”FANWEINEIXINGCHENG,BINGYINIANDUHETONGDENGZHONGZHANGQIHETONGWEIZHUQUEDING;ZANBUJUBEISHICHANGJIAOYITIAOJIANHUOMEIYOUCANYUSHICHANGJIAOYIDEGONGSHANGYEYONGHUYONGDIANDUIYINGDEDIANLIANG,RENGANJIZHUNJIAZHIXING。

河北快3  (SAN)RANMEIFADIANDIANLIANGZHONGJUMIN、NONGYEYONGHUYONGDIANDUIYINGDEDIANLIANGRENGANJIZHUNJIAZHIXING。

河北快3  (SI)RANMEIFADIANDIANLIANGZHONGYIANSHICHANGHUAJIAOYIGUIZEXINGCHENGSHANGWANGDIANJIADE,JIXUANXIANXINGSHICHANGHUAGUIZEZHIXING。

  (WU)RANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAXINGCHENGJIZHIGAIGEHOU,XIANXINGMEIDIANJIAGELIANDONGJIZHIBUZAIZHIXING。

  四、配套改革

  (一)健全销售电价形成机制。通过市场化方式形成上网电价的工商业用户用电价格,包括市场化方式形成上网电价、输配电价(含交叉补贴和线损,下同)、政府性基金,不再执行目录电价。由电网企业保障供应的用户用电价格,继续执行各地目录电价。其中,居民、农业用电继续执行现行目录电价,确保价格水平稳定。

  (二)稳定可再生能源发电价补机制和核电、燃气发电、跨省跨区送电价格形成机制。纳入国家补贴范围的可再生能源发电项目上网电价在当地基准价(含脱硫、脱硝、除尘电价)以内的部分,由当地省级电网结算,高出部分按程序申请国家可再生能源发展基金补贴。核电、燃气发电、跨省跨区送电价格形成机制等,参考燃煤发电标杆上网电价的,改为参考基准价。

  (三)相应明确环保电价政策。河北快3执行“基准价+上下浮动”价格机制的燃煤发电电量,基准价中包含脱硫、脱硝、除尘电价。仍由电网企业保障供应的电量,在执行基准价的基础上,继续执行现行超低排放电价政策。燃煤发电上网电价完全放开由市场形成的,上网电价中包含脱硫、脱硝、除尘电价和超低排放电价。

  (四)规范交叉补贴调整机制。河北快3以2018年为基数,综合考虑电量增长等因素,在核定电网输配电价时统筹确定交叉补贴金额,以平衡电网企业保障居民、农业用电产生的新增损益。

  (五)完善辅助服务电价形成机制。通过市场机制形成燃煤机组参与调峰、调频、备用、黑启动等辅助服务的价格,以补偿燃煤发电合理成本,保障电力系统安全稳定运行。对于燃煤机组利用小时严重偏低的省份,可建立容量补偿机制,容量电价和电量电价通过市场化方式形成。

  五、实施安排

  (YI)GEDIYAOJIEHEDANGDIQINGKUANGZUZHIKAIZHANRANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAJIZHIGAIGE,ZHIDINGXIHUASHISHIFANGAN,JINGSHENGJIRENMINZHENGFUPIZHUNHOU,YU2019NIAN11YUE15RIQIANBAOGUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIBEIAN。SHANGBUJUBEITIAOJIANDEDIFANG,KEZANBUFUDONG,ANJIZHUNJIA(JIXIANXINGRANMEIFADIANBIAOGANSHANGWANGDIANJIA)ZHIXING。XIANHUOSHICHANGSHIJIYUNXINGDEDIFANG,KEANXIANHUOSHICHANGGUIZEZHIXING。

河北快3  (ER)SHISHI“JIZHUNJIA+SHANGXIAFUDONG”JIAGEJIZHIDESHENGFEN,2020NIANZANBUSHANGFU,QUEBAOGONGSHANGYEPINGJUNDIANJIAZHIJIANGBUSHENG。GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIKEGENJUQINGKUANGDUI2020NIANHOUDEFUDONGFANGSHIJINXINGDIAOKONG。

  (SAN)GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEIDONGTAIGENZONGSHISHIQINGKUANG,JIEHEDIANLITIZHIGAIGEZONGTIJINZHAN,SHISHIKAIZHANPINGGUDIAOZHENG。

  六、保障措施

  (一)强化居民、农业等电力保障。河北快3居民、农业用电电量以及不具备市场交易条件或没有参与市场交易的工商业用户电量,由电网企业保障供应,主要通过优先发电计划保障,不足部分由所有参与电力市场的发电企业机组等比例保障。

  (二)规范政府行为。各地要坚持市场化方向,按照国家制定的市场规则和运营规则来开展市场建设和电力交易,对用户和发电企业准入不得设置不合理门槛,在交易组织、价格形成等过程中,不得进行不当干预。

  (三)加强电力市场价格行为监管。河北快3充分依托各地现有电力交易市场,积极发挥市场管理委员会作用,完善市场交易、运行等规则,规范市场主体交易行为,保障市场交易公平、公正、公开。积极配合市场监管部门及时查处电力市场中市场主体价格串通、实施垄断协议、滥用市场支配地位等违法违规价格行为,以及地方政府滥用行政权力排除、限制竞争的行为。鼓励市场主体参与价格监督。依托市场信用体系,构建市场主体价格信用档案,对价格违法行为予以联合惩戒。

  (四)建立电价监测和风险防范机制。价格主管部门定期监测燃煤发电交易价格波动情况,评估价格波动的合理性。当交易价格出现异常波动时,依法及时采取干预措施,确保燃煤发电价格形成机制改革平稳有序推进。

  (五)加强政策解读引导。采取多种方式全面、准确解读深化燃煤发电上网电价形成机制改革政策,加强舆情监测预警,积极回应社会关切,做好应急预案,为改革营造良好舆论环境。

  BENZHIDAOYIJIANZI2020NIAN1YUE1RIQISHISHI。GEDIJIAGEZHUGUANBUMEN、DIANWANGQIYE、FADIANQIYEYAOCHONGFENRENSHISHENHUARANMEIFADIANSHANGWANGDIANJIAXINGCHENGJIZHIGAIGEDEZHONGYAOXING、JINPOXINGHEFUZAXING、JIANJUXING,QIESHIDANDANGQIZHUTIZEREN,JINGXINXIHUAGAIGESHISHIFANGAN,RENZHENZHUAHAOLUOSHI,QUEBAOGAIGEPINGWENSHISHI。

 

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